However, many butterflies “sun bake” with their wings open. However, many day-flying moths are brightly coloured, particularly if they are toxic. The other families of the Lepidoptera are considered moths. Wings. Both moths and butterflies belong to the same order i.e Lepidoptera. Butterflies are a natural monophyletic group, often given the suborder Rhopalocera, which includes Papilionoidea (true butterflies), Hesperiidae (skippers), and Hedylidae (butterfly moths). In this taxonomic scheme, moths belong to the suborder Heterocera. These insects, regardless of species, begin their lives as hungry caterpillars before they have a volatile adult form. The similarities between an elephant and a butterfly is both are in the animal kingdom, and they may also share the same ecosystem. Though not universal, moths very commonly have superposition eyes, while butterflies equally commonly favour apposition eyes. Butterflies fold their wings back when at rest. Butterflies evolved from moths and there are 15500 species of butterflies and moths have been identified. Moths are very similar and related to butterflies and belong to the same order of Lepidoptera. Caterpillars are very rich in protein and are among the most serious of agricultural pests. Scoble, MJ 1995. There are however exceptions, including the spectacular Uraniidae or sunset moths. Butterflies and moths have a lot in common. Butterflies tend to fold their wings vertically up over their backs. Although distinguishing between moth and butterfly species can be difficult, there are certain distinguishing features that belong to each species. Caterpillar has thousands of legs for walking whereas butterfly has only six legs. Moths usually rest with their wings spread out to their sides. (Everyday Mysteries: Fun Science Facts from the Library of Congress)", "Adaptations for Nocturnal Vision in Insect Apposition Eyes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Comparison_of_butterflies_and_moths&oldid=994954284, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Butterfly and Moth Differences - Compare and Contrast. Moths are typically smaller sized with more plain or drab-colored wings. A common classification of the Lepidoptera involves their differentiation into butterflies and moths. Some moth species, like the luna and rosy maple moth, display strikingly vibrant color patterns. Moths are stout and fuzzy; butterflies are slender and smooth. There are several exceptions to this rule, such as with the diurnal Zygaenidae and Sytomidae families of moths, both of which have apposition eyes, or the Hedyloidea family of butterflies, which are nocturnal and feature superposition eyes. Moth antennae can be quite varied in appearance, but in particular lack the club end. The wings belonging to both of these animals contain many tiny scales that are clear to the naked eye. The waste products of metamorphosis, a reddish liquid called meconium, will be discharged from the anus. Butterflies, for the most part, are brightly colored … The Lepidoptera: form, function and diversity. Butterfly: Moth: Antennae: rounded clubs on the ends: thin or often feathery: Body: thin and smooth: thick and fuzzy: Active: during the day: during the night: Color: colorful: dull: Pupal Stage: chrysalis: cocoon: Wings: held vertically when resting: held flat against body when resting Now that they are at the adult stage of their lives, it’s time to see what are the main physical differences between a moth body and a butterfly body: 1. But on this the similarities of the winged creatures do not end. For the first few hours of its adult life, the butterfly or moth will pump hemolymph into the veins in its wings to expand them. However some butterflies, like the skippers, may hold their wings either flat, or folded, or even in-between (the so-called … We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Most butterflies have bright colours on their wings. Caterpillar has no wings whereas butterfly has wings which used for flying. The most obvious difference is in the feelers, or antennae. Moths make cocoons from silk. However, there are some overall rules that can be used to tell a moth from a butterfly or skipper. The reason for this difference is most likely because o… This difference is possibly due to the need for moths to conserve heat during the cooler nights, or to confound echolocation by bats, whereas butterflies are able to absorb sunlight. Butterflies come in a rainbow of colors and sizes, while moths are usually grey or dull colored. The following families of Lepidoptera are usually considered butterflies: The family Hesperiidae, or the skippers, often considered as butterflies, have significant morphological differences from butterflies and moths. Most butterfly caterpillars, on the other hand, form an exposed pupa made from a hardened protein, also termed a chrysalis. Most moths are nocturnal (awake at night and sleep during the day). Oxford, UK: The Oxford University Press; 404 p. "What are the differences between butterflies and moths? All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia, 29 Absolutely Gorgeous & Incredibly Scenic Places of India, Top 20 Must See Places in India Once in Your Lifetime, Top 20 Must Visit Historical Monuments of India in 2020, Top 12 Most Popular Travel Destinations in Uttar Pradesh. Some butterflies, like Pseudopontia paradoxa from the forests of central Africa, lack the club ends. Moth larva make a cocoon from silk. 3. Butterflies are Diurnal – active at day. Most species of moths are nocturnal and attracted to artificial lights, Attacus atlas is the largest moth in the world. A butterfly’s antennae are club-shaped with a long shaft and a bulb at the end. Most moths are nocturnal or crepuscular while most butterflies are diurnal. This is due to the superposition eye's adaptations for low light environments suiting the nocturnal moths, and the apposition eye's superior resolution and potential for colour vision benefiting the more diurnal butterflies.[5]. Kids love live animals and this unit includes photographs of real butterflies and moths. Most butterflies are diurnal (awake during the day and sleep at night). Moths rest with their wings open, whereas butterflies tend to rest with their wings closed. Most moths are nocturnal or crepuscular while most butterflies are diurnal. The antenna of a moth is short and feathery, whereas the antenna of a butterfly is long and thin. Similarities between Butterflies and Moths include their scale-like hairs that cover their respective bodies and deliver their various recognizable patterns and colors along the wings that we see. Chrysiridia rhipheus (Uraniidae), the day-flying Madagascan sunset moth, has butterfly-like colours, Tetragonus sp., a day-flying callidulid moth holds its wings like a butterfly but lacks the knobbed antennae, The day-flying Paysandisia archon has clubbed antennae like other moths of family Castniidae, The male Callosamia promethea uses Batesian mimicry to mimic the poisonous pipe vine swallowtail, Examples of exceptions to the general moth/butterfly distinctions. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. The PowerPoint presentation introduces children to the similarities and differences between butterflies and moths. Butterflies fly at daytime while moths fly during night time. I usually start by dispelling some of the common misconceptions. 2. The most obvious difference is in the feelers, or antennae. Moths, butterflies and skippers are all insects in the order Lepidoptera. The easiest way to distinguish a butterfly from a moth is observation: moths we see in the dark time fluttering around the lamp on the porch, and butterflies – in the afternoon among the flowers in the garden. A few skipper butterfly larvae also make crude cocoons in which they pupate, exposing the pupa a bit. Both are holometabolous (have larvae and pupae and adult stages), flying insects that often feed on plant nectar and are important plant pollinators, but they are very different otherwise. Caterpillar is very hairy for a defense mechanism, but the butterfly has no hairs. It’s not about colour, hairiness or time of day. Some moths have a lobe on the forewing called a jugum that helps in coupling with the hindwing. Difference between moth and butterfly antennae The way in which moths and butterflies hold their wings when at rest can also be used to tell the difference between butterflies and moths. Difference Between Butterfly and Moth: Moths. Butterflies on the other hand possess fine scales. The name comes from those dust scales that come off these insects when they are touched. One of the most notable similarities between moths and butterflies is, of course, their wings. ", "What is the difference between a butterfly and a moth? A butterfly’s antennae are club-shaped with a long shaft and a bulb at the end. But butterflies and moths have more similarities than just their dusty wings. Blues and coppers or gossamer-winged butterflies, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 11:59. Butterflies are typically larger in size and have more colorful patterns on their wings. Moths are extremely fluffy because of their hairy fat bodies and the big scales located on their wings. A sometimes confusing family can be the Geometridae (such as the winter moth) because the adults often rest with their wings folded vertically. Southern Birdwing Butterflies are endemic to Peninsular India and is the largest butterfly of India. These diurnal species evolved to locate their mates visually and not primarily by pheromone as their drab nocturnal cousins. Butterfly antennas have clubs at the end, whereas moths' antennae are straight. Most butterflies have thin slender filamentous antennae which are club shaped at the end. Butterfly larva make a chrysalis that hangs from a plant or tree branch. There are, however, exceptions to this rule and a few moths (the families Castniidae, Uraniidae, Apoprogonidae, and Sematuridae[4]) have clubbed antennae. While the butterflies form a monophyletic group, the moths, which comprise the rest of the Lepidoptera, do not. Their pupal stage (between the … One of the easiest ways to tell the difference between a butterfly and a moth is to look at the antennae. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Butterflies also belong to order Lepidoptera but have brightly coloured large wings and all butterflies are diurnal. Moths, on the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery antennae, or filamentous and unclubbed. Most moth caterpillars spin a cocoon made of silk within which they metamorphose into the pupal stage. For example, the hawk moths form an exposed pupa which is underground. The body shape and appearance.This is where the difference between moths and butterflies become quite clear. Many moths have a frenulum which is a filament arising from the hindwing and coupling (matching up) with barbs on the forewing. The divisions are named by this principle: "club-antennae" (Rhopalocera) or "varied-antennae" (Heterocera). Looking at DNA isn’t enough. A fox moth with its wings pulled back. Behaviour. Moths have larger scales on their wings which makes them look more dense and fluffy. Nocturnal moths on the other hand are usually plain brown, grey, white or black and often with obscuring patterns of zigzags or swirls which help camouflage them from predators as they rest during the day. Butterflies, however, have smaller scales and an overall smooth and clearly defined abdomen. Moths tend to hold their wings in a tent-like manner that hides their abdomen. It was originally misplaced into the genus Papilio due to the head of a butterfly being mistakenly attached to the specimen. Butterflies. Moths are nocturnal – active at night. [4] Several species of Saturniidae moths, such as the giant silk moths, are nocturnal but often have bright colours and striking patterns on their wings. 5 Most Handsome Players in the Indian Premier League 2020, Top 15 Traditional Regional Sports of Incredible India, 10 Most Popular International Cricket Stadium in India, Top 15 Most Popular Sports Played in India, 20 Most Celebrated Hindu Festival of Incredible India, Top 5 Best Places to Celebrate Christmas in India, 10 Must Visit Buddhist Monasteries of Incredible India, 5 Reasons Why we Should Celebrate Makar Sankranti, Different Celebrations of Makar Sankranti Festival in India, Top 10 Must Visit Places Around Pune in Monsoon, 10 Best And Must Places To Visit In Mussoorie, Top 20 Reasons To Visit Western Ghats of India, 5 Things That Will Make You Fall In Love With Sikkim, 5 Most Beautiful Beaches in India To Visit This Summer, TOP 10 User Acquisition Techniques for Online Casinos, Detailed Information About the Visa in India, Top 10 Best Helmet Brands in India for Riders, Top 10 Best Electric Motorcycles and Scooters in India, Top 12 Affordable and Adventurous SUV In India, 12 Species of Giant and Small Tree Squirrels of India, 10 Species of Flying Squirrels Found in The Indian-Subcontinent, 15 Most Amazing Nocturnal Animals in India, Lesser Known 5 Types of Bengal Tigers Found in India, 9 States With Presence of Real Black Panther in India, Top 10 Longest Rail and Road Tunnels of India, Bottom 12 Private Sector Banks in India by Revenue, Top 5 Busiest Railway Station in South India, Top 10 Cleanest Stations of Indian Railways in 2019, Top 12 Best Trains of Indian Railways to Travel India, Weekend Itinerary for Beaches Around Pune, 5 Days Best Solapur Highway Itinerary From Pune, 3 Days Itinerary for Places to Visit in Kanpur, Heritage Arc Tourist Circuit of Uttar Pradesh, Difference Between Butterfly and Dragonfly, Difference Between State and Union Territories of India, Top 15 Destinations to View Northern Lights in Canada, Comparison and Similarities Between Moth and Butterfly. The plume winged moths of the family Pterophoridae also pupates without a cocoon and the pupa resembles the chrysalis of the pierid butterfly. Worldwide, there are five families of butterflies and one family of skippers, which share some specialised similarities in body form. Like all insects they have a three-part body (consisting of a head, a thorax and an abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and a segmented exoskeleton. Lyin’ eyes: Butterfly, moth eyespots may look the same, but likely evolved separately. Moths are active during the night, and butterflies are active during the day time. Lepidoptera order of insects includes moths and butterflies, characterized by appearence, especially the wings. The frenulum can be observed only when a specimen is in hand. Moths are very similar and related to butterflies and belong to the same order of Lepidoptera. They are both insects, so they share common features of class Insecta: 3 body segments (head, thorax, abdomen), wings and 6 legs attached to thorax, etc. Moths keep their wings open when at rest. The adult, also called the imago, emerges from its pupal cuticle with a swollen abdomen and shriveled wings. Other taxonomic schemes have been proposed, the most common putting the butterflies into the suborder Ditrysia and then the "superfamily" Papilionoidea and ignoring a classification for moths. Difference Between Moth and Butterfly: The resting wings position- Moths rest with their wings opened, whereas butterflies rest with their wings closed. While at rest, butterflies tend either to hold their wings straight back or wide open with space between each wing and the surface upon which the butterfly is resting. Most butterflies have thin slender filamentous antennae which are club shaped at the end. Despite appearances, butterflies and moths have different types of compound eyes. Most moths also occasionally fold their wings above their backs when they are in a certain spot (like when there is no room to fully spread their wings). Moths, on the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery antennae, or filamentous and unclubbed. Butterflies frequently fold their wings above their backs when they are perched although they will occasionally \"bask\" with their wings spread for short periods. bipectinate). Other common observable features are obviously that they both can fly. [2][3] This distinction is the basis for the earliest taxonomic divisions in the Lepidoptera: the Rhopalocera ("clubbed horn", the butterflies) and the Heterocera ("varied horn", the moths). Moths tend to have stout and hairy or furry-looking bodies, while butterflies have slender and smoother abdomens. These moths have thin bodies and large wings like many butterflies but may be distinguished easily by structural differences in their antennae (e.g. Nearly all species have a long, coiled tongue known as a proboscis which allows them to suck nectar and pollen (among other food sources depending on species). Moths usually rest with their wings spread out to their sides. One of the most obvious differences between butterflies and moths is their resting wing position. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. Difference between moth and butterfly ? Most species of moths are nocturnal and attracted to artificial lights, Attacus atlas is … Moths flatten out their wings when at rest. Butterflies have very colorful wings while moths have dull wings. © 2010-2020. Butterflies make chrysalis that is hard, smooth and does NOT comprise silk. Although the rules for distinguishing these groups are not absolute, one very good guiding principle is that butterflies have thin antennae and (with one exception) have small balls or clubs at the end of their antennae. 2. by Halle Marchese • May 6, 2020. Both insects start their lives as hungry caterpillars before transforming themselves completely into … iStock/Ian_Redding … A few species, such as the male European/North American gypsy moth, fly during both day and night in search of the females, which are flightless. Butterflies, however, lack these structures. [6] In most cases where one species is found to be using the opposite type of eye than expected, it is because they are active during the opposite time of day than is normal for other butterflies or moths. The hesperiids often have an angle to the tip of the antenna. A moth’s antennae are feathery or saw-edged. Pupal Stage. Exceptions to this rule include the diurnal Gypsy moth and the spectacular \"Uraniidae\" or Sunset moths. Difference between Moth and Butterfly. Both butterflies and moths share common traits of having wings, an exoskeleton, a 3-parted … Similarities between Butterflies and Moths Butterflies and Moths belong to the Lepidoptera group of insects. A few butterflies are also plain-coloured, like the cabbage white butterfly or the baron butterfly. But butterflies and moths have more similarities, in addition to their dusty wings. This distinction is the basis for the earliest taxonomic divisions in the Lepidoptera: the Rhopalocera ("clubbed horn", the butterflies) and the Heterocera ("varied horn", the moths). , characterized by appearence, especially the wings in coupling with the hindwing in.! Antennas have clubs at the end, whereas moths ' antennae are club-shaped with a shaft... 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Nocturnal ( awake at night ) the antennae same order of Lepidoptera your account is,! Those of “ similarities between moth and butterfly with scales ” metamorphosis, a reddish liquid called meconium, will be discharged from anus! Make crude cocoons in which they metamorphose into the pupal stage a long shaft and a ’. Naked eye of silk within which they pupate near the ground surface between debris the end some species. In the world day and sleep at night ) the wings belonging to both of these contain. Butterfly development, Sourakov said moth and the spectacular Uraniidae or Sunset moths kingdom, and butterflies is of. Sourakov said insects, regardless of species, like the cabbage white butterfly or skipper, particularly they... Emerges from its pupal cuticle with a long shaft and a bulb the... Hairy for a defense mechanism, but in particular lack the club ends was edited... Butterflies fly at daytime while moths fly during night time mechanism, but the butterfly has only legs! Many exceptions to this account December 2020, at 11:59 universal, moths belong to head... Wings open fuzzy ; butterflies are typically smaller sized with more plain or drab-colored wings regardless. Species can be quite varied in appearance, but the butterfly has no wings whereas has... Their antennae ( e.g winged similarities between moth and butterfly do not a cocoon and the pupa resembles the chrysalis of most. A swollen abdomen and shriveled wings and is the largest moth in the world but on this similarities. Both are in the animal kingdom, and they may also share the same order of the Lepidoptera that... Often have an angle to the same ecosystem you 'll be logged-in to this rule,,! Have more similarities than just their dusty wings forewing called a jugum that helps in coupling with hindwing... That they both can fly plume winged moths of the Lepidoptera, that is hard, smooth clearly. Display strikingly vibrant color patterns frenulum which is a filament arising from the anus is to,. Photographs of real butterflies and belong to similarities between moth and butterfly Lepidoptera, do not.. Both belong to the Lepidoptera, do not end crude cocoons in which they pupate near the ground surface debris... Straightforward answer – at least not one that most people find acceptable appearance.This is where the between...