Tree does best in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Young trees are pyramidal; older trees more oval. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. The pulp of its fruit is technically edible, extremely sour and extremely bitter, which is why it is usually used in sweetened preserves. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. to 90 cm.) Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." One of those is the Black Tupelo that graces the center of the Rambl e. Tupelo fruit, high in crude fat, fi­ber, phosphorous and calcium, is an important wildlife food source, and because of its many cavities, black tupelo is an important den tree species. Often crowded toward the tips of branches. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Individual male flowers are about 1/8" (3 mm.) The black tupelo has a long taproot, making it nearly impossible to move once the tree is established. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. Which name is it exactly? Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). Nyssa sylvatica ‘Haymansred’ Also known as black gum, this species of tupelo is a very useful plant trademarked (named) by J. Frank Schmidt in Boring, Oregon. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. across, consisting of a shallow green calyx with barely discernible teeth, insignificant green petals, and 5-10 spreading stamens with long filaments. If you like this unusual tree, you may want information on how to grow a swamp tupelo and that begins with finding an appropriate placement in your yard. Its sibling, the Water Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee Lime, another Tupelo. Location: Look for this tree in moist soils of valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. The black gum tree is found in moist areas of the eastern United States and is sometimes grown as an ornamental. But really, what's not to love? Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Black gum, species of tupelo tree prized for its scarlet autumnal foliage. Black tupelo (two-puh-low), sourgum, Pepperidge, tupelogum, black gum…these are all names for the Nyssa Sylvatica. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica).These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. He saw it in a fence row, … The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century.. The juicy fruit is eaten by many mammals and birds. Potential Problems: No major problems, but some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, rust, leaf miner, and scale. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. Treefinder can help you identify the perfect tree for your next project! Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. Min. Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Fruit: 3/8" blue-black drupe. Leaves:Glossy green leaves turn brilliant shades of red in fall. With over 400 tree varieties for review, the Treefinder app enables you to conveniently browse and compile a list of trees suitable for a number of common landscaping uses - from attracting birds to creating a formal screen or hedge. Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sour or Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh. Here is some general information on tupelo trees. Nyssa sylvatica 's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat.. Top of Page biflora ). Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. But which one is it? Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. The tree’s shiny, green, elliptical leaves vary from two to ­five inches in length and turn purple, then scarlet or yellow in autumn, making it a popular ornamental. It really depends on where you’re from. street tree planting width: 6 feet. Many people like to call it sourgum as a counterpart to another tree species… With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo / Black Gum Tree Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to … When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. However, the often-unsung trees of the swamps are the tupelo and blackgum trees, including three species of Nyssa that go by a variety of overlapping common names. 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