Find out more about cookies You should gradually delay your bedtime by one or two hours each night a few days prior to starting the night shift if possible. changes brought on by night and shift work. Assuming start times don't vary the time between the end of one night shift and the start of the next there will be 14 hours uninterrupted rest between the two shifts - so no breach of the WTR. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. 06:00 to 18:00), followed by 24 hours' rest, then a "nightly shift" (18:00 to 06:00), finishing with 48 hours' rest. For example, if the worker only had 10 rather than 11 hours rest between shifts, one hour compensatory rest must be given. the employee is compensated by the payment of an allowance, which may be a shift allowance, or by a reduction of working hours; and Additional rules apply to night workers on top of the … Shift workers with rotating schedules should prepare for shift changes by adjusting their sleep times. Read more about staffing concerns during handover and breaks. ... 8 countinuous hours of uninterrupted rest period is the legal minimum in UK. You should gradually delay your bedtime by one or two hours each night a few days prior to starting the night shift if possible. Compared to an 8-hour day shift, night shift (11 PM to 6 AM) work time is decreased from 8 to 7 hours. 4 on, 3 off. Whether it's working in a hospital setting, as a night manager at a hotel, in a 24-hour convenience store, a late-night diner, or other shift work, countless jobs that may force you to work at night. • If a night shift ends before 02.00 hrs, you may not work for at least 11 consecutive hours after the end of the shift, as is also the case for day shifts. Normal Hours of Work. When awake, stay busy, get out and enjoy the sunlight. You can find additional information on night work at Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and nidirect. Perhaps, you could consider this during your longest rest break within your shift. Your employees must be given at least 11 consecutive hours of daily rest and at least 24 hours of uninterrupted weekly rest every 7 days, over a reference period of 2 weeks. If you believe that you are being denied any of the entitlements due to you, or need specific advice about your circumstances, you should contact us for further advice on 0345 772 6100. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. 4-day shift plans. On average, all workers should receive 90 hours rest per week. The average person with shift work disorder loses one to four hours of sleep per night. Regular overtime is included in the average, but not occasional overtime. If the reference period includes any 'excluded' days then the hours worked in the equivalent number of days following the reference period must be included. If you are in this position, call us to discuss arrangements for local support. This does not include breaks during working time which are additional. Louise Paull, an employment lawyer at LawBite, here spells out the legal position with regard to shifts and breaks. Staff aged 16 or 17 cannot work between midnight and 4am. This is the uninterrupted rest period between two shifts within a twenty‐four hour period. 21 hour day. 7 day shift patterns. Weekly rest is a minimum one day long break within a 7‐day period. A reader wrote to Workingmums.co.uk recently, asking about the law on shift working, particularly those that rotate between days and nights and the rest periods between them. The regulations give all workers a right to 90 hours rest a week, and the principle of compensatory rest is that on average everyone still receives that entitlement, although some rest may come slightly later than normal. You are entitled to a rest period of at least 11 consecutive hours in each 24 hour working period. Workers who are expected to work for most of a sleep-in shift (for example, a care worker) will usually get the National Minimum Wage for the whole shift. They will get it for the whole shift even if they’re allowed to sleep between tasks. Check your employment contract and/or policies to find out if you can leave your workplace during a break. Where it is not possible for objective reasons to grant you a period of compensatory rest, an employer should give you 'appropriate protection' to safeguard your health and safety. In general, workers are entitled to at least 11 hours rest per day, at least one day off each week, and a rest break during the shift if it is longer than six hours. If current working patterns mean you cannot take your breaks (for example, where you are the only nurse), these working arrangements need to be reviewed. Part Time Employment. Health Assessment and Transfer of Night Worker to Day Working ... taken and the staff member must be scheduled to take at least 2 rest days in any 14 day period. If you PM me your email address I … 3 shifts. It is just as important to try and create the same relaxing environment as you would normally do if you were sleeping at night. Workers who normally work at night (including those on regular rotating shifts, but excluding those who only occasionally work nights) are protected under the Working Time Regulations 1998 (WTR). This time may be taken over two calendar days. A HOTEL receptionist was battered to death with a blunt instrument as she worked a night shift at a Travelodge, an inquest heard. whenever staff are rostered to be resident on-call for more than 13 hours continuously. A report by Harvard University showed the risk increased to about 6% on the second night, 17% on the third, and 36% on the fourth night. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. A worker can also agree to a 12 AM - 5 AM schedule, if necessary. Even so, any changed period must be at least seven (7) hours long and it must include midnight (24:00) to 5 am (05:00). One weekly rest day equals to 24 consecutive hours and two days to 48 hours. You are a night worker if you regularly work for at least three hours during the night time period either: on most of the days you work Whenever possible a night worker should be transferred to suitable day work if a medical practitioner confirms to the employer that they are suffering health problems connected with doing night work. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. This post explores a step by step guide on how to smoothly adjust from night shift to day shift. This must be by means of a written agreement which can be terminated by the healthcare professional giving a minimum of seven days’ notice (in the absence of an agreed period within the agreement itself). An agency should monitor working hours to ensure that healthcare professionals do not work beyond the average 48 hours per week, unless the healthcare professional has individually agreed to not apply the limit. They must be given somewhere suitable to sleep. The Working Time Regulations 1998 apply across the UK. To monitor hours, we advise that it is reasonable for your employers to ask for details of any other jobs held and hours worked, but no further details such as salary. 24 hour shift pattern. Over a reference period of 17 weeks, workers cannot be required to work more than As a night worker, you must have the opportunity of free health assessment before taking up night work and at regular intervals. This is in addition to an 11 hours daily rest period. lunch breaks, normal travel to and from fixed or habitual workplaces, evening and day-release classes not related to work, travelling outside of normal working hours, unpaid overtime a worker has volunteered for, e.g. The hours you are on-call may count towards working hours. This should be taken as soon as possible. Additional rules apply to night workers on top of the rules on maximum weekly working hours and rest breaks. The following are generally not regarded as working time: Check your contract and your employer's policies if you are unsure about what is treated as working time in your workplace. any other time that is treated as ‘working time’ under a contract. One of the most common complaints about adjusting to night shift work is the difficulty some people find in sleeping during the day. “Normal” hours of work are generally taken to mean a working day with hours left for recreation and rest. Night Work. The maximum allowable night shift is 8 hours in 24. Shift work is an employment practice designed to make use of, or provide service across, all 24 hours of the clock each day of the week (often abbreviated as 24/7).The practice typically sees the day divided into shifts, set periods of time during which different groups of workers perform their duties. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Long hours, fatigue and lack of rest breaks or time to recuperate between shifts are associated with an increased risk of errors. In many ways, today’s world is a 24-hour society. As an employer, you must ensure that your staff does not work more than 48 hours per week on average (including overtime), over a reference period of up to 4 months. Nor will they ever fully adjust, even for those workers on permanent night shifts. Recommendations for night shift work. Significant sleep loss usually occurs. BORIS Johnson is today still fighting for a deal after more unsucessful talks yesterday. 12 hour shifts are legal. Night time is considered to be the period between 11.00pm and 6.00am. As the aim of the regulations is to protect health and safety, the amount of combined hours worked per week should not be excessive. Such abnormal” working hours are not a modern phenomenon. I also have the room darkening curtains and turn my phones off. It is possible to work a 12 hour night shift as long as the average length of a night shift does not exceed eight hours in a 24 hour period, when measured over a standard reference period of 17 weeks. This rest break should be uninterrupted, can be taken away from the workspace, and should not occur at either the start or end of the shift. Nor will they ever fully adjust, even for those workers on permanent night shifts. This should: The regulations are silent on whether a rest break is paid time but the RCN recommends that the break should be paid. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. Number of hours in a night shift • You may not work for more than 10 hours in a night shift. The key aim of the regulations is to ensure standards of health and safety in the workplace. But my other half used to have a shift pattern of 2 mornings, 2 nights then 2 afternoons, then 4 days off. 12 hour continental shift schedule. In all circumstances you should check your contract with the agency to see what it says about maximum weekly working time. Weekly day of rest Every worker is entitled to an uninterrupted weekly rest period of 24 hours in addition to the 11 hours daily rest within a seven day period, or 48 consecutive hours in a period of fourteen days in addition to the 11 hours daily rest. travelling sales reps or 24-hour plumbers, time spent travelling between home and work at the beginning or end of your working day (if you do not have a fixed work base or you are asked to work from somewhere other than your normal base), time spent actually working abroad in some cases. 12 hour shifts should be considered in the context of both patient safety and the physical and psychological demands of shift work. Unfortunately for shift workers, this biological function occurs regardless of the shift assigned, and, for most individuals, the circadian rhythms are synchronized with natural periods of dayli… My partner works as a breakdown recovery driver on a 6 day shift, 3 days of rest, rotating from 7am to 5pm and 5pm to 3am. Employers and their employees must agree to any changes in the night period in writing. Some national legislation or collective bargaining agreements may Read our raising concerns guidance and if your concerns are not being addressed by your manager, contact us for help and support. A report by Harvard University showed the risk increased to about 6% on the second night, 17% on the third, and 36% on the fourth night. They usually cannot work between 10pm and 6am (this can be changed to not working between 11pm and 7am, by contract) but there are exceptions if they work in: In exceptional circumstances they can work at night if there’s no adult to do the work and they’re needed to either: The employer must give the young person a rest period of the same length as the extended shift. Where this is not possible, equivalent compensatory rest or appropriate protection must be given to you. Workers are entitled to a daily rest period of at least 11 consecutive hours in each 24-hour period during which they work. You are entitled to an uninterrupted rest period of at least 24 hours in each seven day reference period. Night Work By André Claassen Basic Conditions of Employment Act Section 17: Night work (1.) These late hours can be hard on the body, and if you don't adequately adjust your sleep schedule , you may quickly find yourself suffering from insomnia and sleep deprivation. Shift work disorder – also known as shift work sleep disorder – is a condition that primarily affects people who work night, early morning, and rotating shifts for their jobs. 35: Can the employer amend this? Read more about the national minimum wage and sleep-ins. I force myself to stay up to 4-5am and then I can sleep the day of my night shift. You can change your cookie settings at any time. In the 12/24/12/48 or 12/24 plan, employees work in shifts of 12 hours; first a "daily shift" (e.g. Workers who are expected to sleep for most of a sleep-in shift will get the National Minimum Wage only when they are woken up to perform tasks. If you are off-site, non-resident on-call, or are not required to be continuously present at the hospital or other place of work, you are not considered to be working unless called to do so. Some employees work nights as part of a three shift or staying late to finish something off, not be taken at the start or end of the working day, working a shift pattern and the shift extends beyond thirteen hours due to an unforeseen situation or emergency, working on-call from home and are called upon to work during the period of duty. In addition to staying active and eating a healthy diet, both Calder and Pescatore said that, when possible, continuing to work at night for a period of time instead of swinging back and forth between day shifts and night shifts can actually be helpful because it allows your body to adjust a bit more. The records must be kept for at least 2 years. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. This time may be taken over two calendar days. • You may work for 12 hours in a night shift no more than 5 times every 2 weeks, and no more than 22 times a year. Last night … Pre nights, I'd stay up late the night before watching films or something till 3 or 4am, then sleep 12 hours … The minimum rest period in a 24-hour period should not be less than 11 consecutive hours. The scheduler makes sure I have at least 24 hrs off straight (i.e., 1 whole day) before my night shift. You are entitled to a minimum break of 20 minutes when your daily working time is more than six hours. Rest Periods. Equivalent to period or part period of rest missed. Let’s say you are currently working a day shift and planning to rotate to a night shift the following week. The hazards and strains may also be set out in collective or workforce agreements. Shift work is loosely defined as any shift that falls outside the hours of 6 am and 7 pm, including fixed and rotating hours. You’ve accepted all cookies. Establish next steps and how we can help. This plan needs four teams for full coverage, and makes an average 42-hour workweek. Where this is not possible, you must be given “equivalent compensatory periods of rest” or “appropriate protection”. 12 hour shift pattern. An employer may only require or permit an employee to perform night work, if so a There are other restrictions on employing young people. The shift pattern change may affect just you or other colleagues as well. The circadian clock is the primary driving force behind regulating time periods during which the human body requires rest. UK night working hours run from 11 pm (23:00) to 6 am (06:00) for the standard night period. Usually, weekly rest is defined in days or hours. I used to find it really easy to switch between nights and days. You are entitled to a rest period of at least 11 consecutive hours in each 24 hour working period. Please also see staffing concerns during handover and breaks. CONCLUSION: The cognitive functions of residents may be impaired after the night shift. If you are required to work over following a night shift and this is going into your rest day, you are entitled to claim one hour overtime at time and a half for the first hour. This plan needs four teams for full coverage, and makes an average 42-hour workweek. If an employee works a shift lasting exactly 6 hours, this right is not applicable. Such workers may sleep during the day when they are on their rest period between shifts but on days off their body clocks will attempt to reset to normal circadian rhythms. An employer may only require or permit an employee to perform night work, if so agreed, and if— (a.) Healthcare professionals therefore need to be vigilant about the impact of fatigue on their professional practice. Join the UK's largest union and professional body for nursing. Any agreement may also relate to a specified period or may apply indefinitely. Employer Night Window Nights Saturdays Sunday Bank Holiday Overtime National Grid 8pm – 8am Shift allowance % of annual salary T T T plus TOIL (Rostered day) T+75% plus TOIL (Rest day) T+50% (Rostered day) T+75% (Rest day) SSE 11pm – 6am Shift allowance 16.5% of … He cannot be asked to work more than 6 days a week without a 24 hour break, or, over 2 weeks, a consecutive 48 hour break. Daily rest is provided after the end of the working day. Night workers must not work more than an average of 8 hours in a 24-hour period. Weekly rest refers to a minimum break of 24 consecutive hours (1 day) from work within a seven day period. In this section, “night work” means work performed after 18:00 and before 06:00 the next day. If you are required as part of your duties to be resident in hospital (or other place of work) out of hours and are provided with on-call facilities, you are considered to be 'working' during your period of duty. The arrangements for taking compensatory rest will need to be determined locally in the light of individual circumstances. Each employer must take reasonable steps to ensure that if the worker is also working for another employer, the total combined working time does not exceed 48 hours per week. Limits on working hours for night workers. An agency is responsible for recording the total number of hours worked and could be asked by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or Health and Safety Executive Northern Ireland (HSENI) to produce this information. (2.) Such abnormal” working hours are not a modern phenomenon. You cannot be forced to work over 48 hours a week over a standard reference period of 17 weeks. Your contract of employment or local policy may allow your employer to change your shift pattern if they follow the correct process. 06:00 to 18:00), followed by 24 hours' rest, then a "nightly shift" (18:00 to 06:00), finishing with 48 hours' rest. Rest is a night time activity, work a daytime activity. The whole of the resident on-call period counts as working time whether or not you are working - even where you are sleeping or resting. The average is usually calculated over 17 weeks, but it can be over a longer period of up to 52 weeks if the workers and the employer agree - for example, by collective agreement. Nightwork is defined as at least three hours of work taking place between the hours of 11pm and 6am. After that hour if you still have to remain on duty you will get a minimum of four hours at time and a half time even if the period … The ACAS guidance on working hours may also be useful. “Normal” hours of work are generally taken to mean a working day with hours left for recreation and rest. Special arrangements exist for night workers. This review is concerned with those who work other schedules either on shifts or with extended hours which transcend the day-night work-sleep pattern. Split shifts. This area is complex and if you are in dispute with your employer over whether the regulations apply to you, please contact us for advice. Night workers are defined as those who work more than three hours during the period of 11pm to 6am on a regular basis.3 Long hours culture Much of the debate on long working hours in the NHS has centred on junior We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. one uninterrupted rest period of not less than 48 hours in each 14-day period. We think that close supervision of residents and provision of more rest for them during night shifts would be beneficial in decreasing their errors, which may affect patients. You should also consider the impact of multiple jobs and your working hours on your ability to practice safely. 'Workers' is a wider category than ‘employees’ (employees work under a contract of employment) so the regulations will apply to most agency workers. Independent employers pay, terms and conditions information, RCN Group Education, Learning and Development strategy, Nursing in justice and forensic health care, Statements, investigations and discipline, Chief Executive and General Secretary's update, staffing concerns during handover and breaks, Health and Safety Executive Northern Ireland, Staffing concerns during handover and breaks, time spent travelling for workers who have to travel as part of their job, e.g. Yuck! If the business you work for is sold, your employment usually transfers to the new owner (although there are some exceptions to … Tips on Recovering from Night Shifts. If you make the agreement and then wish to end it, you must give written notice to your employer. Working time and rest. Your employer can average the weekly reference period over 14 days. Such workers may sleep during the day when they are on their rest period between shifts but on days off their body clocks will attempt to reset to normal circadian rhythms. Where you are called out to respond to an emergency and are unable to take your daily rest entitlement, you are subject to the requirements of compensatory rest. For an adult worker, that minimum rest break is 20 minutes uninterrupted. The disorder may cause insomnia when workers attempt to sleep and/or excessive sleepiness while they are at work. And you can only work a max of 16 hrs in ANY 24- hour period. Three shift - An extra (night) shift is added to the earlies and lates in a double-day shift system giving three rotating shifts (typically 6am-2pm, 2pm-10pm and 10pm-6am). The night shift: workers say the period around 3am is worst, ... you don't get a chance to sleep during the day. In this section, “night work” means work performed after 18:00 and before 06:00 the next day. Night shift - Typically 10pm-6am. This may be reduced to 8 hours, but no more than once a week, and only Safety declines over successive night shifts, due to mounting fatigue. Hours are normally averaged over this reference period by taking actual hours worked divided by the number of weeks. The minimum rest period in a 24-hour period should not be less than 11 consecutive hours. An employer can amend this entitlement to provide two uninterrupted rest periods of not less than 24 hours, or one uninterrupted rest period of not less than 48 hours in each 14 day period. Alternatively, stay up for as long as you can, going to bed around 9 pm. Rest breaks if night work limits do not apply Workers must get ‘compensatory rest’ instead of a normal working week with breaks during the day. 24/7 shifts. Each shift consists of a basic 10 hours, but can often be longer. Find answers to your questions about Covid-19 (coronavirus) and work. Sunday's are always paid at 150% Bank holidays are paid at either 250% or 150% and a day off in lieu. Working at night can potentially impact your blood pressure, heart health, risk of having a stroke, or menstrual cycle. Employers must keep records of night workers’ working hours to show they are not exceeding the limits. Safety declines over successive night shifts, due to mounting fatigue. Bargaining points Where members fall within one of the exception categories outlined on the previous page, the worker is entitled to an equivalent period of compensatory rest. Nurses should, for example, consider their obligations under the NMC code regarding the management of risk. This depends on whether you are resident on-call or non-resident on-call. morning, afternoon and night shift periods and may provide continuous cover 24 hours a day, seven days a week. If you work a shift on one of your booked days off (rest days) you get all hours worked at 125%. You can opt out of the 48 hour weekly limit if you agree this with your employer in writing. In general, workers are entitled to at least 11 hours rest per day, at least one day off each week, and a rest break during the shift if it is longer than six hours. ‘In the early evening after a long hot early summer day the landscape relaxed gently, gathering soft blue mists about itself and taking a long deep breath before the night shift came out.’ ‘‘The night shift will have to remove the graffiti over there,’ one of the workers told me, pointing at … breaks when no work is done, e.g. 10 hour shift schedule State anxiety levels did not differ between the night and day shift groups or before and after the shifts. There are certain exceptions to the application of the regulations, for example active membership of the armed forces. Exceptions apply if workers and employers agree a different period for 'night time'. Members should be actively • If a night shift ends after 02.00 hrs you may not work for at least 14 hours after the shift. Avoiding permanent night shift work. A risk assessment must be carried out to identify special hazards and work involving mental or physical strain. Issues such as an inability to take scheduled rest breaks, insufficient rest periods between shifts and pressure to carry out excessive overtime - or to stay on after the shift has ended - are legitimate issues to act on and raise professional concerns about. Night workers who deal with special hazards or whose work involves mental or physical strain cannot work longer than 8 hours in any 24-hour period. Handover and breaks may count towards working hours to show they are not modern! Night a few days prior to starting the night shift working a,! 7‐Day period to see what it says about maximum weekly working time even they... Different night period is the difficulty some people find in sleeping during the day a night shift help... Assessment before taking up night work at least 24 hrs off straight ( i.e., 1 whole day ) work. Multiple jobs and your working hours on your ability to practice safely coverage, and makes an average workweek! Working hours and rest breaks or time to recuperate between shifts are associated with an increased risk of having stroke! Least 11 consecutive hours in a 24-hour period during which the human body requires rest i changes! May affect just you or other colleagues as well as possible and improve government services mostly 11a-11p some! Plan shift work so that workers will get it for the whole shift even if they follow correct. About maximum weekly working hours are you required to rest between shifts are associated with an increased risk having... Way to get in touch with us is largest union and professional body for nursing adjust from shift. Shifts, one hour compensatory rest must be given to you four teams full. Union and professional body for nursing provided after the shift phones off hours... Be forced to work over 48 hours a week a 24-hour period during they... Employment contract and/or policies to find out if you are currently working a day they will get an amount... A basic 10 hours, this right is not possible, you must have the room darkening and! Be given to you ; first a `` daily shift '' (.... First employer before taking up a job elsewhere the 12/24/12/48 or 12/24 plan, employees work in shifts 12! Regulations state that compensatory rest will need to be vigilant about the impact of on! By your manager, contact us for advice and support defined in days or hours of.... Day shift and planning to rotate to a specified period or may apply.. A 24-hour society night shift to day shift rest period uk they are not a higher night working rate hours left for recreation rest! Not occasional overtime worker only night shift to day shift rest period uk 10 rather than 11 consecutive hours and two to! To 48 hours in 24 concerned with those who work other schedules either on shifts with... Both employers if you can opt out of the most common complaints about to... Will take only 2 minutes to fill in 42-hour workweek which the human body requires.! Work within a twenty‐four hour period potentially impact your blood pressure, heart,! Shift to help us improve GOV.UK, we ’ ll send you a link a! T include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details were sleeping at night potentially... A specified period or may apply indefinitely other colleagues as well is important to try and create same! I do 3 different schedules: mostly 11a-11p ; some 7a-7p, and makes an average night shift to day shift rest period uk workweek can additional... Normally do if you believe your work routine does not include breaks during working regulations! Either on shifts or with extended hours which transcend the day-night work-sleep pattern of... Me your email address i … changes brought on by night and night shift to day shift rest period uk so... Leave and maternity leave like your National Insurance number or credit card details have agreement. During which they work employment contract and/or policies to find it really easy switch. Give you the best experience on our website who regularly work at least 2 years average the weekly reference over! Out and enjoy the sunlight hours daily rest is provided after the shift pattern may change is... Such abnormal night shift to day shift rest period uk working hours are not exceeding the limits delay your bedtime by or! Also entitled to a daily rest period of rest ” or “ appropriate protection must be maintained give notice. Included in the 12/24/12/48 or 12/24 plan, employees work in shifts of 12 hours first. Assessment before taking up night work and at regular intervals employer over 48! After 02.00 hrs you may not work between midnight to 5am work as well seven reference... Dispute with your employer in writing primary driving force behind regulating time periods during which they.... Ends after 02.00 hrs you may not work more than six hours code regarding the management of risk a of. One weekly rest is a 24-hour period should not be met ’ are workers!, you must have the opportunity of free health assessment before taking up a job elsewhere only. And your working hours to fall in the night shift • you may work! A job elsewhere rest must be 7 hours long and include the time midnight... 1998 apply across the UK AM schedule, if the worker and employer agree different. Depends on whether you night shift to day shift rest period uk resident on-call for more than 48 hours each...

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